The term “Dyslexia,” is usually used to refer to a learning disability that makes it difficult for a person to read. However, dyslexia comes in many forms. Some types of Dyslexia not only impair a person’s ability to read, but also make it difficult to sound out words and spell them. Spelling words that are not phonetic such as “what,” “sight,” and “walk,” can be difficult for some individuals suffering from Dyslexia, while saying them may be more challenging for others. Furthermore, Dyslexia may also make it difficult for some people to understand simple math. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Adult Dyslexia usually only occurs as the result of a brain injury or as a byproduct of Dementia. In children, the disability is often genetic.

Statistics of Dyslexia

  • A Yale study found that 1 in every 5 people suffer from Dyslexia.
  • Despite the adverse conditions of Dyslexia, those who suffer from the disability are of average or above-average intelligence.
  • Words do not appear backwards for people with Dyslexia. They simply have difficulty interpreting left and right.
  • Dyslexics usually have more trouble spelling than reading.
  • Among the more commonly-known hurdles caused by Dyslexia, other difficulties include poor coordination and fine-motor control.

Treatment of Dyslexia

Treatment options for vary and traditional methods of teaching reading, writing and speaking do not help a Dyslexic’s ability to learn. Each individual’s case of Dyslexia varies in severity and is deficiency-specific. Some may have more difficulty with one aspect of Dyslexia than another. Thus, education for a Dyslexic is most effective when customized to the individual’s needs. According to the International Dyslexia Association, this is best achieved when the Dyslexia is identified early in someone’s educational career. The Dyslexic can then be taught by a teacher or therapist specially trained in using multi-sensory techniques. Using several senses at once during the educational experience can reinforce helpful and effective practices for the student’s future academic pursuits.

Please refer to reputable, non-profit sources such as the International Dyslexia Association for more information regarding how Dyslexia is diagnosed, who is best to diagnose the condition, as well as the best ways of going about finding schools, teachers and programs that cater to those with dyslexia. Do not let the learning disabilities of loved ones or those of yourself go unchecked. In the long run, a wealth of knowledge can be gained by seeking the proper help.

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