Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia

Blood-injection-injury phobia (BII) deals with a person’s personal fear of blood, injury, injection/needles and will cause them to strongly avoid most medical procedures. This phobia is most commonly noticed after a person faints or experiences a change in heart rate/extremely uncomfortable sensations around the sight of blood. Most cases are discovered in early childhood and require some method of treatment to overcome. People with BII that have undergone treatment have shown an enormously positive success rate.

Symptoms of Blood-Injection-Injury Type Phobia

  • Fainting
  • Rapid heart rate or increased blood pressure
  • Extreme discomfort, usually in the chest
  • Tingling extremities
  • Shaking or trembling
  • Feeling of choking

The slightest sight or mention of blood, needles or any other associated cause for the phobia, can trigger these particular symptoms. Since those with BII will usually fear any type of medical service, living with this strong phobia can make it difficult for a person to receive proper treatment for other issues they may be experiencing. Luckily, most people living with BII can overcome the phobia by receiving treatment to make themselves more comfortable around these types of situations.

Treatment of Blood-Injection-Injury Type Phobia

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is commonly used to treat BII, as with most phobias, to familiarize patients with their fears on a personal level. This type of therapy will gradually expose an individual to what it is that frightens them until they are forced into situations in which they must deal with them directly. For example, in treating BII a patient may be asked to talk about needles, and then asked to draw one. Later, the patient will be shown pictures of needles or videos of injections. Eventually they will see an injection first-hand, in hopes of being able to witness the act comfortably due to the gradual levels of desensitization. The speed at which the process will work is entirely dependent on how comfortable the patient is with each progressive step. Moving through treatment too quickly will often lead to a mere stunting of the phobia, with a chance of relapse, rather than actually overcoming it. Self-help treatments also mirror CBT but require a strong internal motivation for change, as there will not be a professional method involved.

If you feel that your blood-injection-injury type phobia is getting in the way of your life, do some research to find the best methods available. Both self-help methods and professional counseling methods have had success in treating BII and it is up to you to seek out the treatment that would best fit your lifestyle and help you overcome your fears.

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