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Bath Salt Addiction

Bath salts are street drugs that contain synthetic chemicals, which are similar to amphetamines. It is unclear what specific chemicals are in bath salts but most contain 3, 4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone, pyrovalerone and/or methylone.

Illegal street chemists make the drug, which is called Ivory Wave, Purple Wave, Vanilla Sky, Plant Food, Zoom, Bliss and many other names on the street.

Signs of Bath Salt Addiction

Bath salts contain an unknown mixture of about eighty ingredients, which can lead to a variety of reactions and potential dangers. The side effects of using bath salts include, but are not limited to:

  • Agitation
  • Aggression
  • Paranoia
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Chest pain
  • Kidney pain
  • Increased pulse
  • High blood pressure
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Hyperthermia
  • Decreased need for sleep or food
  • Liver failure
  • Seizures
  • Suicidal thinking and behavior

The immediate and intense physical and psychological effects of bath salts last about three to four hours although a rapid pulse, increased blood pressure and other stimulant effects can linger for a longer period of time.

The suicidal thinking/behavior effect must be taken seriously because it carries over even after the stimulatory effects of the bath salts have abated. There have been reported drug related suicides several days after using bath salts.

How Addictive Are Bath Salts?

Bath salts are highly addictive because addicts crave them because of their stimulant effect. An active ingredient of the drug is a leaf called khat, which is found in the Middle East and East Africa where it is often chewed for the stimulant effect. Hence, the the plant food street name.

Its is taken by snorting, injecting or mixing bath salts in with food or drink. The drug disrupts the usual path of dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin in the brain, which impacts a user’s desire, pleasure, muscle movement and cognition. The feeling of euphoria, increased energy and physical activity and sleep deprivation cause the user to take higher doses and become addicted to bath salts. Higher doses can ead to potentially fatal side effects.

Bath Salt Treatment

Bath salt addiction is treated in the same way as other drug addictions. The detoxification process is usually done in a hospital or detox center where the user can be monitored for physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Some users have been able to navigate an outpatient treatment program.

Bath salts abuse must be taken seriously. The lethal effects of the drug can be due to the direct physical effects of the drug or as a result of a user’s ensuing actions.

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