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Understanding Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders encompass several different types of a typical anxiety and fears. Feeling anxious or nervous is a normal human response, but anxiety disorders interfere with a person’s ability to lead a normal life. According to the American Psychiatric Association, they are the most common emotional disorder and affect over 25 million Americans. This article will outline the following:
- Symptoms of anxiety disorders
- Different Types of anxiety disorders
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
People with an anxiety disorder deal with a range of uncomfortable feelings. Emotional symptoms of anxiety disorders include: feelings of panic, and fear, obsessive thoughts, nightmares, and an inability to be still and calm. Physical symptoms include: trouble breathing, quickness in heartbeat, nausea, muscle tension, and sweating.
There are both biological and environmental causes for anxiety. The Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is a neurotransmitter that is supposed to reduce activity in the central nervous system. Biologically, low levels of GABA can cause anxiety. Environmentally, alcohol substance abuse, excessive caffeine abuse, and use of stimulant drugs can cause or worsen anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders can also be caused by stress such as extreme worrying about financial problems or traumatic life events.
Different Types of Anxiety Disorders
There are many different types of anxiety disorders including but not limited to the following: Generalized anxiety disorder involves unrealistic worry and tension that seems futile. A panic disorder is when someone has a series of attacks where the symptoms of anxiety are manifested. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a plague of constant thoughts or fears that cause the suffering party to perform certain rituals or routines. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a condition that develops resulting from a traumatic and event. Social anxiety disorder involves apprehension and self-consciousness about social situations. A phobia is a fear of a specific object or situation. These are just a few of the types of disorders.
The most important thing with anxiety disorders is realizing and admitting that you can’t and don’t want to live in constant fear and neurosis. Taking steps to try to get better is the responsible and healthy choice. Early diagnosis and treatment is the best option.
Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for many emotional tribulations. Cognitive Behavior Therapy has been proven in research to be a successful remedy for many anxiety disorders. This type of therapy is characterized by discussions with a therapist who has been trained in understanding how to fix dysfunctional actions and unhealthy thought patterns. This type of treatment is especially helpful with panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety. Cognitive Behavior Therapy seeks to get at the emotional root of the problem and teach patients how to correct negative thinking.
Medications that are designed to raise serotonin levels are remedies for both anxiety and depression. These drugs can help with chemical imbalances in the brain and make patients feel calmer and happier in day to day life.
Many people choose to deal with anxiety naturally. Natural treatments for anxiety include regular exercise, which raises endorphins and makes people feel more relaxed and happy. Reduced caffeine and alcohol use and improving the quality of one’s sleep schedule can also improve anxiety. Natural herbal supplements can be used to reduce anxiety and depression, such as butterbur root, valerian root, passionflower herb, and lemon balm leaf.
Living with an anxiety disorder is an uncomfortable and torturous way of life. Anyone with these problems deserves to feel better and have a more healthy way of thinking and interacting with the world.