What Is A Learning Disability?
A learning disorder or disability is a permanent condition in which a student cannot take in or process information in a normal way. There are various causes and types of learning disorders, including well-known disorders like attention deficit hypersensitivity disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia. Treatment can be extremely helpful for these conditions, but they cannot be completely cured. Students who do not receive treatment for their learning disabilities often experience:
- A limited ability to learn and socialize normally
- A general disinterest in academics
- Lower self esteem
If you or someone you know has a learning disability, there are numerous treatment and special education options available. First, it’s important to know a bit about learning disorders and why they’re a serious problem for students all over the world.
The Signs Of A Learning Disability
One of the most difficult parts of a learning disability is diagnosing it. Many learning disorders are poorly understood; the cause and development of these disorders varies from one person to the next, further complicating the issue.
The symptoms of a learning disability also vary, but do not include decreased intelligence. People with learning disorders can be just as intelligent as people without these disorders, they’re simply unable to receive and process information in the same way.
Therapists who specialize in treating and diagnosing learning disabilities use special tests to find out how their patients learn and perceive new data. Tests are specifically designed to look for and differentiate between learning disorders. A trained therapist with a history of working with learning-disabled persons is absolutely essential, as an inaccurate diagnosis is certainly possible given the extent of learning disorders that exist and the similarity of many of these disorders.
You should seek the help of a therapist as soon as you notice signs that a child or student is unable to interpret information correctly. Problems when interacting with other children and a slow growth of lingual skills can be signs of learning disorders, and dozens of other symptoms are possible depending on the disorder. Ask your therapist for more information.
Special Education For Learning Disabilities
After a learning disorder has been diagnosed, it will need to be treated with special education. The purpose of special education is to teach a student using different methods and to show the student ways to work around his or her disability; the disorder itself, however, will never go away. Nonetheless, special education can be enormously beneficial for students with disorders. In most cases, the student can live a completely normal life with the right educational tools, and may be able to completely overcome the disability.
Special education can be carried out at school and at home. Early intervention specialists may be helpful when a learning disability is noticed early in a child’s development. Special education may be necessary for all areas of a child’s education or just certain areas–for instance, special reading classes for dyslexics–and may be unnecessary after a few months or years of treatment of the learning disorder is not especially serious.
Many parents choose to supplement special education with therapeutic sessions and counseling. This can be helpful in treating the sometimes severe emotional issues and self-esteem problems that arise due to a learning disorder and can make treatment of the disorder work more efficiently.
If you believe that a child has a learning disability, seek a diagnosis and special education as quickly as possible. The earlier in the child’s development that special education is introduced, the more effective it will be.