Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS
Disruptive Behavior Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) is a term used to describe a pattern of serious troublesome behavior that does not constitute the terms of Conduct Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The child has symptoms of both of these disorders, but not enough to truly be considered affected by the disorder entirely, or perhaps there isn’t enough information yet about the child’s situation. Therefore, we refer to this as Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS.
Symptoms of Disruptive Behavior Disorder:
- Consistent defiance of authoritative figures
- Inability to take responsibility for bad behavior
- Temper tantrums on a regular basis
- Vengeful behavior and resentment
- Aggressiveness toward people or animals
- Destroying property
- Stealing and lying
- Constant rule breaking
Causes of Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS
Causes of Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS can be both biological and environmental. This means that it can run in the child’s family (perhaps one or both parents displayed the same behaviors as children) or it can be a result of stressful and unhealthy environments that the child is exposed to. Some children have neurological disorders or ADHD that contributes to their behavior disorder.
If a child was exposed to abuse at a young age, abandoned by a parent, not cared for properly (i.e. being malnourished or the family is in poverty), all of these factors can cause Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS. So, it’s important to remember that all of these reasons are outside the child’s control, and the child shouldn’t be viewed as naturally bad. All children affected by behavior disorders need and deserve treatment to get better.
Treatment for Disruptive Behavior Disorder NOS
Many of the factors contributing to this disorder are experienced at a very young age for the child. The sooner a parent, family member or guardian seeks help, the better. Usually a combination of different methods such as specialized parent skill training, behavior therapy, services from the child’s school or other establishments and therapy in the home work the best to help the child. It is crucial for the parents and family members of the child to be involved in treatment, and usually the comfort of the child’s home is the best setting. Low-income families shouldn’t avoid seeking help due to cost because there are certainly ways to help your child at low or no cost. First, try speaking with your child’s school counselor or regular health care provider for tips and suggestions. Your child deserves a normal life, and you can help them create it.
Links and Resources for Further Reading
- Mentalhelp.net has information on Disruptive Behavior Disorder, including tips for further reading.
- The Mental Health Association of Westchester’s webpage about Disruptive Behavior Disorders and how to seek treatment.
- How to Handle Your Child’s Disruptive Behavior, from About.com has tips for parents.
- Extensive American Journal of Psychiatry article about the diagnosis of Disruptive Behavior Disorder in pre-school aged children.
- Mentalhelp.net – Information on Disruptive Behavior Disorder, including tips for further reading.
- How to Handle Your Child’s Disruptive Behavior – Information for parents dealing with children with DBD, including suggestions and tips.
- American Journal of Psychiatry – Article with information about the diagnosis of DBD in pre-school aged children.